Environmental Health provides permits installing irrigation wells. Irrigation wells are installed only for the purpose of watering lawns, etc. and do not require drinking water analysis. Irrigation wells are not monitored for safe drinking, and the waters from an irrigation well shall not be utilized for drinking water.  

If you are looking to install a well for fire suppression or augmentation, please contact the office.

How to Apply for an Irrigation Well Permit

Submit a complete Well Permit Application to LCHD Environmental Health Division in-person, by email, or online. The application must include:

  • EGLE Large Withdrawal Assessment- only if potential water well capacity is > 70 gpm 
  • Documentation of permanent street address if new construction (tax bill, township address form, etc.)
  • Copy of a certified survey and legal description (for new construction only)
  • Copy of an accurate plot plan (Example)
  • Appropriate fees

Once these materials are submitted, an Environmental Health Specialist will review and issue the permit and/or contact you within 3-5 business days to request additional information. At your request, permits will be mailed or picked up once issued. Issued permits will automatically be forwarded on to the municipality and Building Official.

LCHD Archived Records

Search public LCHD records prior to 2018 by address, name, or parcel number.

LCHD Records

Search public LCHD information from 2018 to present.


How long are my permits valid?

You have one year from the time your well permit is issued to complete construction. After that, the permit must be rewritten and a fee assessed. If changes are made which require a site visit, an additional fee may be required.

Does my well need any maintenance?

Most wells have a long service life of over 20 years. Follow these tips to ensure a safe supply of drinking water:
  • Keep household chemicals, paint and motor oil away from your well and dispose of them properly by taking them to a recycling center or household hazardous waste collection site.
  • Limit your use of pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Keep your well cap clear of leaves, mulch, dirt, snow and other materials.
  • Use caution when mowing around your well so you don’t damage the well casing.
  • Practice water conservation in your home and install low-water-use appliances.
  • Keep your well records (such as the well construction report, water test results, and maintenance records) in a safe place.
  • If you receive a notice that your sample is positive for bacteria, you may want to disinfect your well.

What are typical water supply system components?

  • Casing: The casing is a tube in the ground that houses the well pump and the pipe that moves water from the pump to the surface. It also prevents the hole from collapsing, and keeps contaminants from entering the water supply. Modern well casings are typically five inch plastic (PVC) pipe, or in some instances four inch steel pipe.
  • Cap: The cap is the top of the well casing. The cap must end at least one foot above ground so it is not subject to flooding. The cap usually has a screened vent to prevent insects from entering the well.
  • Pump: The well pump draws water up the hole and pushes it into the home. The well pump is usually submersible. This means the pump is installed in the well casing several feet below ground, making it operate more quietly.
  • Pressure Tank: The pressure tank is usually a 3-4 foot tall cylinder located in the home (usually in the basement). It stores water and distributes it through the home. The tank can also serve as additional storage for low-yield wells. The pressure switch located at the tank controls the pumps on/off cycle.
  • Pitless Adapter: The pitless adapter is a plumbing fitting that attaches to the well casing and routes the water supply line from the pump to the home. It is installed approximately four feet below ground so it is not subject to freezing. Before these were invented, old wells often terminated below ground in pits, or basement off-sets. Pits are no longer necessary, hence the name pitless adapter.
  • Screen: The screen is at the very bottom of the well, attached to the casing. It keeps sand and gravel out of the well while allowing groundwater to flow into the well. Some wells drilled into bedrock do not need screens since the water travels through crevices in the rock, and there is no sand to filter out.

For questions regarding well, soil evaluations, and/or septic systems, please call/email the assigned Environmental Health point of contact (based on your Township).

Last Modified February 23, 2024

Environmental Health
Livingston County Health Department Logo
Matt Bolang

Matt Bolang
Health Officer



(517) 546-9858


Monday – Friday
8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Closed County Holidays


2300 E Grand River Ave
Suite 102
Howell, MI 48843


(517) 546-9853
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